About of Arthritis?
Arthritis is more than just wear and tear or an old person’s disease. Find out about the different types of arthritis.
Arthritis is very common but is not well understood. Actually, “arthritis” is not a single disease; it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. People of all ages, sexes, and races can and do have arthritis, and it is the leading cause of disability in America. More than 50 million adults and 300,000 children have some type of arthritis. It is most common among women and occurs more frequently as people get older.
Common arthritis joint symptoms include swelling, pain, stiffness, and decreased range of motion. Symptoms may come and go. They can be mild, moderate, or severe. They may stay about the same for years but can progress or get worse over time. Severe arthritis can result in chronic pain, inability to do daily activities, and make it difficult to walk or climb stairs.
Arthritis can cause permanent joint changes. These changes may be visible, such as knobby finger joints, but often the damage can only be seen on X-ray. Some types of arthritis also affect the heart, eyes, lungs, kidneys and skin as well as the joints.
Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more of your joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by rough, cold, light, or small amounts of food, excessive sexual intercourse, travel, exercise, waking up at night, excessive vomiting, vomiting, fasting, anxiety, shock, and anger.
There are usually 60 types of arthritis. The following are some of the common symptoms of arthritis:
- The pain starts from the rectum or bladder and causes pain in the genitals, penis and genital area.
- This type of arthritis is caused by dry air that dries the mucus in the shoulder blades.
- The veins in the scapula are constricted. This is usually caused by phlegm and air pollution.
- The feet are powerless to touch, with tingling pain. This is usually due to excessive travel.
- According to the symptoms of foot inflammation. This is usually caused by rheumatoid arthritis.
- When walking, the legs tremble or tilt. The joints become loose.
- Pain in the back. This is called smallpox.
- According to the head of the jackal, the sheath is produced in the animal.
- Symptoms of astragalus, leaning towards the back, chest, waist and thighs – this type of area is called external arthritis.
- Fingers, gills, stomach, chest, neck, halo, etc. are bent towards the joints, eyes are closed, lateral pussy, phlegm and jaw are closed.
* OVERVIEW :
What is Arthritis?
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
The symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, but they may also appear suddenly. Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.
Arthritis is a disease that affects your joints (areas where your bones meet and move). Arthritis usually involves inflammation or degeneration (breakdown) of your joints. These changes can cause pain when you use the joint.
Arthritis is most common in the following areas of the body:
- Lower back.
Types of arthritis
The catch-all term arthritis can be broken down into six specific disease groups: Non-articular rheumatism
- Soft-tissue rheumatism
- Back pain and disc lesions
- Shoulder, hand and foot problems
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Childhood polyarthritis
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Psoriatic arthritis
Connective tissue disease
- Polymyalgia rheumatica
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Gout and pseudogout
- Rickets and ostemalacia
- Paget’s disease
Since arthritis is a misleading, catch-all term for a variety of diseases of the bones, joints, and tissues, it’s not surprising that there is also a range of different causes. However, before looking at some of the specific arthritic diseases, it’s important first to understand what constitutes a healthy joint.
Joints comprise bone with a layer of smooth, less brittle cartilage known as the articular cartilage, which is separated from the opposite bone and cartilage by a lubricating synovial fluid, contained within a synovial membrane (synovium).
The bone consists of a matrix of collagen, a form of protein, which binds together calcium, the main constituent of bone and phosphorus. The cartilage protects the bone ends, and is composed of proteoglycans, a type of mucopolysaccharide made from protein and carbohydrate.
Types of arthritis
Under the catch-all term ‘arthritis’ the following conditions are included:
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of the disease, affecting more than 70 percent of adults between the ages of 55 and 78, the majority being women. Doctors mainly view osteoarthritis as a ‘normal’ degenerative process related to age, or a condition that commonly strikes after infection or injury, or among people who are overweight.
Osteoarthritis, also known as ‘wear-and-tear’ arthritis, affects the cartilage of joints, causing it to break down. The job of this tough, elastic tissue is to cover the bones that adjoin at every joint, reducing their friction as they rub together. As the cartilage breaks down, it becomes frayed and rough, and the protective space between the bones decreases. During movement, the bones of the joint rub against each other, causing pain. Over time the cartilage dries out, becoming cracked and pitted, no longer allowing smooth movement of the joint. When the cartilage wears away in a weight-bearing joint such as the hip or knee, this can produce severe pain, deformity, and loss of mobility.
The disease is most commonly found in the hands, but it also affects weight-bearing joints such as the knees and hips, and also the joints of the spine.
In the early stages, you just feel stiffness, and movement may become a little difficult. Patients may not suffer any pain at this point. However, in the late stages of the condition, bone spurs called osteophytes – abnormal bone projections that develop along the edges of bones – can form. The cartilage can
even disappear completely in severe cases, leaving the bone ends exposed. A common feature of osteoarthritis is hard knobs called Heberden’s nodes, which develop around the edges of the finger joints, caused by the breakdown of cartilage.
This variety of arthritis can be detected from blood tests, such as the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), which measures the speed at which red blood cells settle in a tube, indicating the amount of inflammation.
X-rays are used to reveal the degree of deterioration in the joints – and doctors tend to look out for joint narrowing and the presence of bone spurs, although these can only help to determine how much bone and cartilage damage has already been done.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is also a chronic inflammatory disease, typically affecting the synovial lining of joints, most often in the hands and feet, but also in multiple joints throughout the body, especially elbows, wrists, ankles, and knees. It also attacks shoulders and hip joints. Unlike osteoarthritis, where the joint itself breaks down, RA causes the synovium, or membrane lining around the joints, to become inflamed, which attracts more joint fluid to ease it. Eventually the joint becomes swollen, stiff, and warm because of the increased blood flow.
Classified as an autoimmune disease, RA occurs when white blood cells produce antibodies that attack and destroy healthy tissue instead of attacking infection and disease. Doctors have no idea why this happens, but the chronic release of antibodies over time thickens the synovium and damages the cartilage and bone of the affected joints, causing crippling pain, deformity, and eventual bone erosion. Other symptoms can include tiredness and muscle pain.
RA strikes roughly three times as many women as men and can affect any age group, although those younger than 35 years are a very low-risk group. Signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include:
Sore, swollen joints that feel very warm to the touch Morning stiffness
Rheumatoid nodules – firm bumps of tissue on the arms Low-grade fever, fatigue, and weight loss
An average of one in 10 patients is thought to recover within two years. However, RA is known to ‘come and go frequently, with varying periods of acute symptoms followed by apparent remission.
A healthy immune system is protective. It generates internal inflammation to get rid of the infection and prevent disease. But with inflammatory types of arthritis, the immune system doesn’t work properly and mistakenly attacks the joints with uncontrolled inflammation, potentially causing joint erosion. Inflammation can also damage internal organs, eyes, and other parts of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and gout are examples of inflammatory arthritis.
Researchers believe that a combination of genetics and environmental factors can trigger autoimmunity. Smoking is an example of an environmental risk factor that can trigger rheumatoid arthritis in people with certain genes.
With autoimmune and inflammatory types of arthritis, early diagnosis and aggressive treatment are critical. Slowing disease activity can help minimize or even prevent permanent joint damage. Remission (little to no disease activity) is the goal and may be achieved by using one or more medications known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Other treatment goals include reducing pain, improving function, and preventing further joint damage.
Uric acid is formed as the body breaks down purines, a substance found in human cells and in many foods. Some people have high levels of uric acid because they naturally produce more than is needed or the body can’t get rid of it quickly enough. In some people, uric acid builds up and forms needle-like crystals in the joints, resulting in sudden spikes of extreme joint pain, or a gout attack. Gout can come and go in episodes or, if uric acid levels aren’t reduced, can become chronic, causing ongoing pain and disability.
Also known as crystal arthritis, gout is one of the most common types of inflammatory arthritis, affecting 1.4 percent of adults in the UK, or an estimated 225,000 men and 57,000 women. An acute form of inflammatory arthritis usually affecting the metatarsal-phalangeal joint at the base of the big toe, gout causes intense pain in the affected joints, which can also include wrist and finger joints.
Gout is a disease of middle age, affecting 15 times more men than women, and has long been linked to overindulgence of rich foods and alcohol consumption, although alternative practitioners have found that food allergies and the use of diuretic drugs, often prescribed for heart conditions, can also trigger the disorder.
Pain and swelling occur when minute crystals form in the joint space. The crystals are caused by excess uric acid in the body. The immune system attacks these crystals with phagocytes (scavenger cells,) and the toxic by-product of this clash causes joint inflammation. Patients receive their first warning signal when they experience an arthritic attack in one of their big toes or one of the other common sites when the joint becomes tender and painful. Classic signs are redness, swelling, and attacks of severe pain.
Spondylitis, meaning ‘inflammation of the joints of the spine,’ affects the point where ligaments and tendons join the bone. This is the most common type of arthritis to affect young and middle-aged men, occurring most often between the sacrum (the last bone in the spine) and the pelvis. The classic sufferer has a rigid, painful spine and difficulty holding up the head when walking. Along with severe back pain, another warning sign of the disease is the development of iritis, an inflammation of the iris of the eye.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
This disease, which usually strikes young women, can affect any joint. It’s thought to be genetic or caused by drugs and even to have some relation to sunlight, although it is generally accepted that SLE is an autoimmune condition. A red rash over the nose and cheeks is a warning sign.
Polymyalgia rheumatica is mostly a muscle disorder but can affect the joints of people over 50 years old. It attacks the hips and shoulders and causes tenderness and distinct muscle pain.
Doctors have found a strong link between arthritis and the skin disorder psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis occurs in 7 percent of patients with psoriasis, and 20 percent of patients with psoriatic arthritis have psoriasis. At times, the only symptom is a change in the nails – either pitting or discoloration. The condition usually affects only one or two joints.
Infectious or micro-organism-related arthritis
This form of arthritis comes from a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection that spreads from another part of the body. The types found include viral arthritis (caused by a virus such as rubella), septic arthritis (due to bacteria such as staphylococci), and rheumatic fever (from a throat infection caused by streptococci or the like). However, medical scientists are also just beginning to make the link between joint pain and persistent unwanted guests such as parasites.
Symptoms of infectious arthritis include intense pain in the joints, and redness and swelling there, along with chills and fever.
Post-traumatic arthritis is a form of osteoarthritis that develops after an injury,
such as a wrist fracture or dislocation of the shoulder.
What are the parts of a joint?
Joints get cushioned and supported by soft tissues that prevent your bones from rubbing against each other. A connective tissue called articular cartilage plays a key role. It helps your joints move smoothly without friction or pain.
Some joints have a synovial membrane, a padded pocket of fluid that lubricates the joints. Many joints, such as your knees, get supported by tendons and ligaments. Tendons connect muscles to your bones, while ligaments connect bones to other bones.
What are the different types of arthritis? (Short)
Arthritis is a broad term that describes more than 100 different joint conditions. The most common types of arthritis include:
- Osteoarthritis, or “wear and tear” arthritis, which develops when joint cartilage breaks down from repeated stress. It’s the most common form of arthritis.
- Ankylosing spondylitis, or arthritis of the spine (usually your lower back).
- Juvenile arthritis (JA), a disorder where the immune system attacks the tissue around joints. JA typically affects children 16 or younger.
- Gout, a disease that causes hard crystals of uric acid to form in your joints.
- Psoriatic arthritis, joint inflammation that develops in people with psoriasis (autoimmune disorder that causes skin irritation).
- Rheumatoid arthritis, a disease that causes the immune system to attack synovial membranes in your joints.
* SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES :
The conventional view of causes
Osteoarthritis, the mildest and most common form of the disease, is blamed by medicine on ‘wear and tear,’ and wrongly viewed as an inevitable consequence of old age. However, when it comes to rheumatoid arthritis and the many other forms of the disease, medicine admits it’s at a loss to understand the causes.
Very early studies have drawn a link between, on the one hand, vitamin D deficiencies associated with lack of sunshine and, on the other, the by-product of other autoimmune diseases such as Crohn’s disease and multiple sclerosis (MS) as RA is generally considered an autoimmune disease. A study profiling 461 women with rheumatoid arthritis comparing them to 9,220 healthy controls revealed that women in the northeastern states of America, such as Vermont, New Hampshire, and southern Maine, which have less sunshine than more
southerly states, are more likely to suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.But so far no definite conclusions have been formed.
Evidence is accumulating for a link between rubella immunization and the development of arthralgia, or general joint stiffness, or arthritis. In a recent randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 30 percent of women given the rubella vaccine developed acute, short-term joint problems, compared with 20 percent of those given a placebo. The groups were followed up at one, three, six, nine, and 12 months after immunizations. Although the gap between the two groups in terms of severity of symptoms did narrow over time, the authors still conclude that some women are more susceptible and may experience arthritic symptoms
after rubella immunization.
The truth is that there’s no consensus within the medical community on the causes of any of the forms of arthritis, which is why its only response is to prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs to control the symptoms.
Arthritis is the most common cause of disability in the U.S. About 50 million adults and 300,000 children manage some form of arthritis.
What causes arthritis?
Different types of arthritis have different causes. For instance, gout is the result of too much uric acid in your body. But for other types of arthritis, the exact cause is unknown. You may develop arthritis if you:
- Have a family history of arthritis.
- Have a job or play a sport that puts repeated stress on your joints.
- Have certain autoimmune diseases or viral infections.
Some factors make you more likely to develop arthritis, including:
- Age: The risk of arthritis increases as you get older.
- Lifestyle: Smoking or a lack of exercise can increase your risk of arthritis.
- Sex: Most types of arthritis are more common in women.
- Weight: Obesity puts extra strain on your joints, which can lead to arthritis.
What are the symptoms of arthritis?
Different types of arthritis have different symptoms. They can be mild in some people and severe in others. Joint discomfort might come and go, or it could stay constant. Common symptoms include:
* DIAGNOSIS AND TESTS:
How is arthritis diagnosed?
If you think you may have arthritis, see your healthcare provider. The provider will ask about your symptoms and learn how joint pain affects your life. Your provider will perform a physical exam, which may include:
- Assessing mobility and range of motion in your joints.
- Checking for areas of tenderness or swelling around your joints.
- Evaluating your overall health to determine if a different condition could be causing your symptoms.
Can Ayurvedic treatment cure arthritis?
Ayurvedic diet and lifestyle practices, including taking herbs and supplements and practicing yoga, may be beneficial for people living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Studies show that following ayurvedic practices could be helpful in reducing inflammation, easing RA symptoms, and limiting flare-ups.
Ayurveda believes in eliminating any disease condition by alteration in the day-to-day lifestyle habits along with natural medications to completely remove the medical condition from the body and to reduce the symptoms through a systematic and customized treatment plan. At Ayur Bethaniya Ayurveda Hospital, we ensure to provide the safest and effective treatment method that is customized as per the individual health condition. Before the treatment plan, we understand the patient’s health condition and the actual cause for any disease condition and tailor a customized treatment plan for a faster recovery.
Ayurveda treatment for rheumatoid arthritis includes calming the aggravated Vata element in the body. A sedentary lifestyle and indigestion aggravate the Vata element in the body and channels affecting the proper functioning of the joint along with pain and inflammation. We initiate the treatment plan to eliminate the toxins from the body and to subside the symptoms caused by the condition. This includes various massage therapies including a Panchakarma and a combination of herbal medicines to reduce inflammation of joints in various parts of the body.
Along with treatment plans, few lifestyle modifications are advised to produce effective results. Decoctions are to be consumed to prevent the recurrence of the condition and to improve the overall health condition.
At Ayur Bethaniya Ayurveda Hospital, we provide safe and effective herbal treatment plans that are customized as per individual patient conditions for the Ayurveda treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. To know more about ayurvedic treatment for arthritis treatment plans and costs, book an appointment now.
How can arthritis be prevented?
You can lower your chances of developing arthritis by:
- Avoiding tobacco products.
- Doing low-impact, non-weight bearing exercise.
- Maintaining a healthy body weight.
- Reducing your risk of joint injuries.
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